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De Geseling van Christus

Vraag maar raak

  • Hannah T'Sas vroeg

    In de literatuur van J.S. Held en J. Burchard staat dat er ook een tekening van Rubens van 'De geseling' zich in de collectie van het Boymans bevindt (Exhb. 1953-54). Is deze prent ook beschikbaar?

  • Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen antwoordde

    Beste Hannah, in onze collectie bevindt zich de tekening 'De geseling van Christus', van Rubens. Inventarisnummer MB 5121 (PK). Dit werk bevindt zich in het depot en kan opgevraagd worden door een afspraak te maken via het Prentenkabinet: printroom@boijmans.nl. Meer info: http://collectie.boijmans.nl/nl/prentenkabinet

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Samen met Hendrick Goltzius was Van Mander de grootste leverancier van getekende ontwerpen voor prenten. Zijn voortekeningen zijn merendeels verloren gegaan. Museum Boijmans bezit echter een unieke, vrijwel complete serie voortekeningen voor de reeks van 13 gravures met voorstellingen van de Passie van Christus. Behalve kunstenaar was Van Mander ook auteur van het beroemde 'Schilder-Boeck' uit 1604.

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Specificaties

Titel De Geseling van Christus
Materiaal en techniek Pen in bruine inkt, blauw gewassen, wit gehoogd, doorgegriffeld, kaderlijnen met de pen in bruine inkt
Objectsoort
Tekening > Tweedimensionaal object > Kunstvoorwerp
Locatie Dit object is in het depot
Afmetingen Hoogte 138 mm
Breedte 104 mm
Makers Tekenaar: Karel van Mander
Inventarisnummer MB 1719 (PK)
Credits Aankoop / Purchase: 1871
Collectie Tekeningen & Prenten
Verwervingsdatum 1871
Leeftijd maker Circa 48 jaar
Signatuur ‘KvM’ gemonogrammeerd (linksonder, in pen in bruine inkt)
Watermerk geen (?) (vV, 5?P)(voor een bespreking van het papier, zie bij inv.nr. MB 1721)
Conditie foxing in de rechter helft
Inscripties ‘10’ (verso, rechtsonder, in potlood), ‘8’ (verso, rechtsonder, in pen in bruine inkt)
Merkteken Museum Boymans Rotterdam (L.288)
Tentoonstellingen Rotterdam 2008 (coll 1); Rotterdam 2009 (coll 2 kw 4); Parijs/Rotterdam 2014, nr. 57.8
Onderzoek Vroeg Nederlandse tekeningen uit de 15e en 16e eeuw
Literatuur cat. 1901, p. 48, nr. 527; Valentiner 1930, p. 87, nr. Z.10; Stampfle 1991, p 14, onder nr. 21, ill. 15; Miedema 1995, p. 119, nr. D13; New Hollstein 1999a, appendix 2, nr. 14, en onder nr. 62; New Hollstein 2000a, dl 1, p. 82, onder nr. 42; Collection Catalogue 2012 (online)
Materiaal
Object
Techniek
Doorgriffelen > Doorgegriffeld > Tekentechniek > Techniek > Materiaal en techniek
Wassen > Gewassen > Tekentechniek > Techniek > Materiaal en techniek
Gehoogd > Schildertechniek > Techniek > Materiaal en techniek
Geografische herkomst Noordelijke Nederlanden > Nederlanden > West-Europa > Europa

Let op: De gegevens van dit object zijn nog niet gecontroleerd.
Neem contact op met een conservator als iets niet lijkt te kloppen.

Entry catalogus Vroeg Nederlandse tekeningen uit de 15e en 16e eeuw

Auteur: Albert J. Elen

Deze beschrijving is momenteel alleen beschikbaar in het Engels.

The Passion series (inv. nos MB 1716-1728)

Together with his fellow townsman Hendrick Goltzius (1558-1617) Karel van Mander was the foremost supplier of drawn designs for prints. Unfortunately, most of these drawings have been lost. Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, however, owns a unique, practically complete series of preliminary drawings1 for the set of engravings2 depicting the Passion of Christ.

The drawings were executed in a technique characteristic of Van Mander, but also popular with his older contemporary Stradanus.3 Each pen drawing was modeled with washes in different shades of blue and brown for the dark areas, creating highlights by leaving these parts untouched by the brush or by adding white bodycolour.4 The resulting rich chiaroscuro gives the drawings a painterly quality; it allows for a dark backdrop for the passion scenes and adds to the dramatic effect. Van Mander seems to have adopted this technique earlier on in his career when he was in Italy (1573-1577).5 The painterly shading technique had to be graphically translated into hatchings and cross-hatchings, a real challenge for the engraver, who was allowed a great deal of freedom also in working out details.6

To facilitate the 1:1 transfer of the image to the copper plate, the drawings were each carefully traced with a blunt needle. While drawing Van Mander took into account that the engraved depictions would become mirror images. The actual engraving was left to artists who specialized in this. Jacques de Gheyn II (1565-1629), who was also the publisher of the print series, accounted for four of them7; his gifted pupil Zacharias Dolendo (1561-1604) took care of the remaining ten. The museum owns two sets of the first edition, published in Leiden.8

The division of tasks has been inscribed at the bottom of each print. Van Mander is named as the draughtsman with the Latin abbreviations ‘inve.’, ‘inven.’ or ‘invent.’ (invenit = has invented/designed), De Gheyn and Dolendo as the engravers with ‘sc.’, ‘scu.’ or ‘sculp.’ (sculpsit = has engraved), and De Gheyn as the publisher with ‘exc.’ or ‘excu’ (excudit = has published). The print series itself is not dated. Based on the date 1596 written by Van Mander on two of the preliminary drawings, the print series is dated 1596-1598.

The set of design drawings includes one which was not engraved, The Foot Washing (inv. no. MB 1722), which for unknown reasons was left out of the series. Anyhow, it is not an essential scene and probably De Gheyn skipped it in order to limit the number. The preliminary drawings for prints 12 and 13 (ill. 1 and ill. 2) are missing. These must have got lost at some point, perhaps they were less refined in their execution and not considered worthwhile keeping.9 The others have always stayed together. After the engravings were finished the set of preliminary drawings has possibly been sold by the publisher who had ordered them from Van Mander and therefore owned them. What happened to them after that time we do not know. The set was eventually purchased for the museum at the Vis Blokhuyzen auction in Rotterdam in 1871, probably together with a set of the print series.

The three artists had worked together on a previous project, in 1595-1596 and just before the Passion series, depicting Eight Repentant Sinners from the Old and New Testament.10 The prints of that series are larger (circa 200 x 145 mm) than those of the Passion series and Van Mander’s designs for it have not survived. The cooperation between Van Mander and Jacques de Gheyn II goes further back. Around 1589 Van Mander delivered the designs for a print series The Twelve Sons of Jacob, engraved by De Gheyn and first published by Jan Pitten,11 which has similar dimensions as the Passion series. In 1591-1592 the two again worked together on the print series Christ, The Twelve Apostles and St Paul with the Creed,12 of which the sheets measure approximately 300 x 200 mm, and the designs have neither survived.

 

The Flagellation of Christ

Stripped of his cloths except his loin cloth, and tied to a column by soldiers, Christ is being flogged by two men. Van Mander has created several stages, each on an elevation of its own: Pilate (with turban) and other priests are looking down from a high podium, a crowd looking up from behind, standing on a lower level, others looking down from a balcony in the background. The standing figure on the right, seen on his back, is a priest. The main scene is brightly lit from the right, the light casting strong shadows which not only add to the drama of the scene in the foreground, but also create depth by alternating coulisses of light and dark areas receding in a huge building.

This drawing is the design for the print numbered 6 in the Passion series , engraved by Zacharias Dolendo and published by Jacques de Gheyn II (ill. 1).13

fig. 1 Jacques de Gheyn (II). The Flagellation of Christ, 1596-1598. Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, inv. no. BdH 22412

Noten

1 Valentiner 1930, pp. 86-88, nos. Z.3-15; Stampfle 1991, p. 14, under no. 21; Miedema 1995, pp. 119-123, nos. D6-D18, ill; New Hollstein 1999a, appendix 2, nos. 7-19, ill; Plomp 2001, p. 203. A similar series, in another format and less finished than the onein Rottterdam, was in the sale of Gerard Leembruggen in Rotterdam on 5 March 1866, where the museum’s director A.J. Lamme bought many drawings for the museum, but did not show interest in this one. Lot 388: ‘Sujets de l’histoire Sainte. Neuf dessins. A l’encre de Chine, rehaussé de blanc’ (sold for fl. 2,75 to an unknown buyer called Jonkers, as annotated in the museum’s copy of the sale catalogue). This is probably the series of The life of St John the Baptist, now in Weimar’s Schlossmuseum (Valentiner 1930, nos. 16-24).

2 New Hollstein 1999a, nos. 56-69; New Hollstein 2000a, part I, no. 36-49.

3 See for instance the Ulysses series, Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, inv. nos. MB 2007/T 1, MB 1777, MB 1772 and MB 332.

4 His younger contemporaries Cornelis de Jode and Hendrick Hondius occasionally also used this technique, see Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, inv. nos. CdeJode 1 and MB 1949/T 1.

5 For instance the Flight into Egypt, dated 1576, in Dresden, Kupferstich-Kabinett, inv. no. C 1969-1; Dittrich 1997, no. 36, col.ill, Ketelsen/Hahn 2011, pp. 79, 88, 98-99, 389.

6 Leesberg in New Hollstein 1999a, p. lxxxv.

7 The title page and the prints numbered 9, 11 and 13.

8 Inv. nos. BdH 22406-22419 (acquired in 1937) and inv. nos. OB 1856-1869 (acquired with the H.M Montauban van Swijndrecht Bequest in 1929). The prints are described in New Hollstein 1999a, nos. 7-19 and New Hollstein 2012, nos. 17-28.

9 The last three drawings are the only engraved scenes that have not been signed with the artist’s monogram. They have a more free handling of the pen and brush, the drawing of The Road to Calvary showing the underdrawing in black chalk.

10 Eight engravings, New Hollstein 1999a, pp. 18-21, nos. 21-28; New Hollstein 2000a, part I, pp. 46-55, nos. 15-22.

11 Twelve engravings, New Hollstein 1999a, pp. 6-10, nos. 5-16; New Hollstein 2000a, part I, pp. 30-43, nos. 2-13.

12 Fourteen engravings, New Hollstein 1999a, pp. 70-85, nos. 72-85; New Hollstein 2000a, part I, pp. 120-136, nos. 72-85.

13 New Hollstein 1999a, no. 62; New Hollstein 2000a, part I, no. 42; impressions in Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, inv. no. BdH 22412 and OB 1862.

Toon onderzoek Vroeg Nederlandse tekeningen uit de 15e en 16e eeuw
Toon catalogustekst Verberg catalogustekst

Alles over de maker

Karel van Mander

Meulebeke 1548 - Amsterdam 1606

Karel van Mander reisde naar onder meer Wenen en Rome, en vestigde zich daarna in Haarlem. Samen met de kunstenaars Hendrick Golzius en Cornelisz. van Haerlem...

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