Giving form to images from the subconscious was an important motivation for the surrealists. They were inspired by Sigmund Freud's 'Traumdeutung' (interpretation of dreams) and psychoanalysis. Dalí compared the subconscious mind to having secret drawers, that could be opened at unexpected moments. He gave form to this idea in a contemporary version of the famous 'Venus de Milo'.
Descharnes, Nicolas asked
Which nr of the edition 0/5 to 5/5 is the bronze of your collection?
Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen answered
Thank you for this question. Sorry for the delay in our answer, for some reason we overlooked this question and I only just spotted it. Our version of Vénus de Milo aux tiroirs is nr. 2/5. Best, Rianne
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|Title||Vénus de Milo aux tiroirs|
|Material and technique||Bronze, paint and fur|
Sculpture > Three-dimensional object > Art object
|Location||This object is in storage|
Height 99 cm
Depth 31.5 cm
Width 29.5 cm
|Accession number||BEK 1467 (MK)|
|Credits||Aankoop / Purchase: 1971|
The Collection Enriched (2011)
Een paraplu, een naaimachine en een ontleedtafel. Surrealisme à la Dalí in Rotterdam. (2013)
De collectie als tijdmachine (2017)
Collectie - surrealisme (2017)
Surreal Objects (2011)
Dal nulla al sogno (2018)
|Research||Digitising Contemporary Art|
|Geographical origin||Spain > Southern Europe > Europe|
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Author Marijke Peyser
In the early 1920s Salvador Dalí discovered the writings of the Viennese psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud. Traumdeutung (1899-1900), in particular, made an overwhelming impression on him: [the work] presented itself to me as one of the capital discoveries of my life, and I was seized with a real vice of self-interpretation, not only of my dreams but of everything that happened to me, however accidental it might seem at first glance.’
The classical statue of Venus appears to be made of plaster, but is actually bronze, painted white. Dalí made six openings in the trunk. In these rectangular voids he placed drawers with tufts of fur instead of knobs. In creating this alienating sculpture the artist had in mind ‘an allegory of psychoanalysis ... that shows the pleasure with which we embrace the many narcissistic smells that rise from all our drawers’. Later Dalí added that the only difference between immortal Greece and our current age was Sigmund Freud. He had discovered that the human body ‘has countless secret drawers that can only be opened with the aid of psychoanalysis’. Secret drawers are places where dreams, desires and obsessions, often of a sexual nature, are cherished, but also hidden. ‘This sculpture could cure us from psychoanalysis,’ said the artist.
The subject of ‘woman with drawers’ recurs in many variations in his oeuvre. During a stay in London with his patron Edward James he drew and painted respectively City of Drawers and Le cabinet anthropomorphique (both in 1936). On the cover Dalí designed for the Surrealist magazine Minotaure. Revue artistique et littéraire the minotaur’s chest is a half-opened drawer. The figure on the cover of the catalogue for Dalí’s exhibition in the Julien Levy Gallery in New York (December 1936 – January 1937) has two breasts in the shape of concertinas with illustrations of the exhibited works. The two works on paper, Cannibalisme des tiroirs and Femmes aux tiroirs (both dating from 1937), are depictions of aggression and hate, against the background of the Spanish Civil War (see Espagne).
In 1929 André Breton asked his friends to think of ideas that could breathe new life into the group. Dalí’s suggestion, to make Surrealist objects, was published in Le Surréalisme au service de la révolution. In his short article Dalí described six different types of objects. In his autobiography he described how he devoted himself to the promotion of the Surrealist object, his weapon against the dreams (les récits de rêve) and to automatic writing, both spearheads of Breton’s outlook in the first years of Surrealism: ‘The Surrealist object must be totally impractical and irrational. These Surrealist objects compete with useful and practical objects. In this violent struggle, which looks like a cockfight, the normal object will often come off worSt’ In May 1936 Breton put together Exposition surréaliste d’objets, a trail-blazing exhibition about Surrealist objects in Charles Ratton’s gallery in Paris. Dalí called it ‘the best Surrealist group manifestation ever’.
 Gibson 1997b, p. 156. Freud’s writings were published in French in the 1920s and thus came to the attention of the Parisian Surrealists. A Spanish translation appeared in 1924.
 Descharnes/Néret 2005, p. 276.
 Descharnes 1962, p. 164.
 Stuttgart/Zurich 1989, p. 202.
 Minotaure. Revue artistique et littéraire, 8 (1936).
 Le Surréalisme au service de la révolution, 3 (December 1931).
 Ades 1995, pp. 151-52.
 Dalí 1952, pp. 347-48.
 See Gibson 1997b, pp. 409-10 for the names of the exhibitors.
All about the artist
Figueras 1904 - Figueras 1989
Salvador Dali got to know the author André Breton - the founder of the surrealist movement - while he was studying in Madrid. In 1924, Breton wrote the first...Bekijk het volledige profiel