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Le Roy Soleil

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Specifications

Title Le Roy Soleil
Material and technique Pressed, gilded, engraved, ground and painted glass
Object type
Perfume bottle > Bottle > Holder > Kitchen and household > Utensil
Location This object is in storage
Dimensions Depth 9.5 cm
Width 15.2 cm
Height 17 cm
Artists Kunstenaar: Salvador Dalí
Uitvoerder: Baccarat
Opdrachtgever: Elsa Schiaparelli
Accession number V 2229 a-c (KN&V)
Credits Aankoop met steun van / Purchase with support of: Mondriaan Fonds 2003
Department Applied Arts & Design
Acquisition date 2003
Age artist About 42 years old
Provenance Galerie de Stefano, Brussels; Galerie L.B. Defeo, Dordrecht
Exhibitions Barcelona/Madrid/St Petersburg 2004-05; Rotterdam/Wolfsburg 2009-11; Rotterdam 2017b
Internal exhibitions Collectie - surrealisme (2017)
The Art of Fashion: Installing Allusions (2009)
External exhibitions Dal nulla al sogno (2018)
Research A dream collection - Surrealism in Museum Boijmans Van beuningen
Literature Rotterdam 2007, pp. 132-33; London/Rotterdam/Bilbao 2007-08, p. 338; Rotterdam 2009, p. 93
Material
Object
Technique
Grinding > Cut > Subtractive techniques > General technique > Technique > Material and technique
Grinding > Cut > Subtractive techniques > General technique > Technique > Material and technique
Gilding > Gilded > Plate > Metallized > Covering surfaces > General technique > Technique > Material and technique
Gilding > Gilded > Plate > Metallized > Covering surfaces > General technique > Technique > Material and technique
Engraving > Engraved > Manual > Intaglio printing techniques > Printing technique > Technique > Material and technique
Engraving > Engraved > Manual > Intaglio printing techniques > Printing technique > Technique > Material and technique
Press > Pressed > Shaping techniques > General technique > Technique > Material and technique
Press > Pressed > Shaping techniques > General technique > Technique > Material and technique
Painting > Painted > Painting technique > Technique > Material and technique
Painting > Painted > Painting technique > Technique > Material and technique

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Entry catalogus A dream collection - Surrealism in Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen

Author: Marijke Peyser

Salvador Dalí for Elsa Schiaparelli, Powder Compact, 1935 (execution 1960s), metal, enamel, fabric, 9 x 0.8 cm. Rotterdam, Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen

From the end of the 1920s onwards the Franco-Italian fashion designer Elsa Schiaparelli achieved success with a versatile, loose garment that could be worn on the beach but was just as suitable for wearing to lunch in the casino. In both cases the design rendered suspenders and corsets redundant.[1] Schiaparelli’s exclusive designs and inspiring personality did not escape Dalí. The artist said that Paris in the mid-1930s ‘was not dominated by the differences of opinion among the Surrealists, nor the suicide of my great friend René Crevel, but by the opening of Schiaperelli’s maison de couture, Place Vendôme.’[2] The collaboration between Dalí and the fashion designer officially began in 1936 with a powder compact (designed in 1935) in the shape of a telephone dial.[3] Schiaparelli’s winter collection (1936-37) appeared to consist of Surrealist objects rather than clothes: her women’s suits with pockets in the shape of drawers echoed Dalí’s ideas and recent work. Not long before, the artist had pointed out that it was the ‘sectional nature of the female body that made it possible to show each part separately’.[4] His painting Le cabinet antromorphique and the sculpture Vénus de Milo aux tiroirs, both dating from 1936, show this clearly. Dalí also designed fabrics for the Parisian fashion house. Schiaparelli’s summer collection (1938), which was shown soon after the opening of the Exposition internationale du surréalisme on 17 January, contained her ‘tears dress’ and ‘skeleton dress’, made of fabrics Dalí had designed.[5]

In 1946 Dalí designed a bottle for Schiaparelli’s perfume Le Roy Soleil, which was made by the firm of Baccarat in a limited edition of two thousand in 1947. The perfume bottle, in the shape of a pyramid-like rock surrounded by waves, has a ‘sun cap’ with lavish rays. It is a beautiful image of the French monarch Louis XIV, the Sun King. As he did in his paintings, Dalí was playing with double images: the Sun King’s face can also be seen as a sky with flying birds. The case, made of gilded metal, was in the shape of a shell, a typical rococo ornament that was often found in the decorations of the Sun King’s palace.

 

Footnotes

[1] Paris 2004, pp. 28-29.

[2] Ibid., p. 121, quote from Dalí’s autobiography La vie secrète de Salvador Dalí. Martin-Vivier 2006, p. 171: in February 1935 Schiaparelli moved into a hôtel particulier, Place Vendôme, 21, which had around a hundred rooms.

[3] Paris 2004, p. 123. See also http://www.schiaparelli.com/en/maison-schiaparelli/schiaparelli-and-the-artists/salvador-dali/schiaparelli-telephone-dial-powder-compact/ (consulted 29 December 2016).

[4] Dalí 1934, pp. 20-22.

[5] Paris 2004, pp. 134-36.

Show research A dream collection - Surrealism in Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen
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