A display of highlights from the museum’s collection is now on view in the Depot. Depot Boijmans Van Beuningen is a working building and visitors were able to follow the construction. This is a test set-up in preparation for a larger exhibition later this year.
Normally, the masterpieces from the collection are on display in the museum’s galleries. But because the museum building is currently closed for renovation, we are showing a selection of highlights in the Depot. For the first time since the museum closed in May 2019, fourteen paintings, including masterpieces by Bosch, Bruegel, Rembrandt, Kandinsky, Munch, Van Gogh, Van Dongen and Basquiat, will be on display in the Depot (A3.08 – Gallery I) from 7 April through 3 September.
Test set-up: Lina Bo Bardi’s ‘glass easels’
In this test set-up, we are working for the first time with ‘glass easels’, a presentation device designed by the Italian-Brazilian architect Lina Bo Bardi (Rome 1914 – São Paulo 1992). She designed the glass easels for the new building of the Museu de Arte de São Paulo (1968). By showing that paintings are handmade objects with a back as well as a front, it was her way of stripping paintings of their ‘sacred’ character.
Instead of being hung on the wall, the paintings are displayed on free-standing easels. The transparent glass enables visitors to see the backs of the paintings, which provide information about their materials, techniques and provenance.
The backs of paintings
The back of a painting can tell us a lot about how it was made. We can see whether it has been painted on a wooden panel or on a linen canvas. In many cases, the back reveals information about the painting’s restoration. A thin panel may be reinforced with slats or a painting on linen may have been mounted onto a new canvas. Sometimes minor repairs are also visible.
On the back of almost every painting we see inscriptions, numbers and labels or seals made from red wax. These identify the painting’s previous owners. And the many stickers from other museums tell us which exhibitions the painting has been featured in. The back of ‘The Tower of Babel’, for example, bears the large white stamp of an early owner: Elizabeth Farnese (1692-1766), queen of Spain. Attached to the back is also a letter from D.G. van Beuningen, who later owned the painting, stating that the work was buried on his estate during the war, packed in a zinc chest.
Choose your masterpiece
In the test display, we are showing a small selection of highlights from the paintings collection. As a visitor you can also choose your own masterpiece and project it onto a glass easel in the exhibition. We are curious about the public’s choices and will consider them in the selection of the larger presentation we are preparing.
The Depot is not a Museum
The opening of the Depot has made a new concept a reality: every museum has a storage facility, but only at Depot Boijmans Van Beuningen is the storage open to the public. Here you see the works of art as one small part of a huge collection. It is a working building, where artworks are cleaned, conserved, restored, packed, unpacked, transported, etc.
The artworks are hung on racks or stored on pallets, on shelves, in boxes or cases. Each work awaits its turn to be exhibited in Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen or in another museum somewhere in the world. Some works are exhibited very often, while others are rarely seen and remain in storage.
The collection is public property, and the museum’s staff work for and with the public. The Depot shows how the artworks are preserved for the future. But it also explores their past. How did the collection originate? Who are the private collectors who donated their precious collections to the City of Rotterdam? How is the collection being expanded?