Before commencing its large-scale renovations, Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen pulls out all the stops with the exhibition ‘netherlands ⇄ bauhaus – pioneers of a new world’. 2019 is the centenary of the founding of the Bauhaus, the revolutionary art and design school whose influence can still be felt today. Almost 800 objects – artworks, furniture, ceramics, textiles, photographs, typography and architectural drawings – provide a unique insight into the inspirational interactions between the Netherlands and the Bauhaus.
Envisaging a new world and a quest for simplicity and functionality were among the principles of the Bauhaus. Walter Gropius established the revolutionary school for artists, architects and industrial designers in the German city of Weimar in 1919. In a period in which only a small elite could afford products designed by artists, the Bauhaus worked from the ideal of making beautiful and functional design available to all. The school’s groundbreaking ideas, which later exerted worldwide influence, found their echo in the Netherlands in architecture, design and education. Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen explores this Netherlands ⇄ Bauhaus network for the first time in a major survey.
The Bauhaus teaching staff included famous artists such as Wassily Kandinsky, Paul Klee, László Moholy-Nagy and Oskar Schlemmer. Various Dutch artists also contributed to the school’s specific character. Even before the establishment of the Bauhaus, H.P. Berlage, Mathieu Lauweriks and Johan Thorn Prikker were members of the Deutsche Werkbund (established in 1907), whose ideas about the fusion of art and industry were an important source of inspiration for the Bauhaus. De Stijl, the magazine of Theo van Doesburg, Piet Mondrian, Gerrit Rietveld, J.J.P Oud, among others, was read by all the teachers and students at the Bauhaus. Under the influence of these artists, the Bauhaus quickly abandoned its Expressionist roots in favour of a Functionalist approach. The school was forced to move twice – to Dessau in 1925 and to Berlin in 1932 – and was finally closed by the Nazis in 1933. Some thirty teachers and students fled to the Netherlands, where they established businesses, designed for Dutch industry and were active in art and design education.
rotterdam and the bauhaus
J.J.P. Oud, Rotterdam’s Municipal Housing Architect, was an important link between the Bauhaus and Rotterdam. His social housing projects in Spangen, the Kiefhoek and the Witte Dorp (White Village) attracted the attention of German architect. Oud gave an important lecture on Dutch architecture at the Bauhaus in Weimar in 1923. This was the beginning of regular contact between the German school and Rotterdam, and Dutch Functionalist architecture soon gained international recognition.
What are the inherent characteristics of colour, form and materials? Bauhaus students returned to basics in the Vorkurs (Preliminary Course) and developed a new formal idiom, step by step. Explore this revolutionary educational innovation by taking part in the Vorkurs. Then immerse yourself in hundreds of objects: artworks, furniture, ceramics, textiles, photographs, typography and architectural drawings, many of which are being exhibited for the first time. The museum’s own collection of approximately two hundred Bauhaus-related objects is supplemented with six hundred special loans from more than sixty museums and private collectors in the Netherlands and abroad. The exhibition ‘netherlands ⇄ bauhaus – pioneers of a new world’ is displayed in the 1500 m2 Bodon Galleries.
interactive bauhaus app
To gain a greater insight into the Netherlands ⇄ Bauhaus network, you can visit the exhibition with a special Bauhaus app that enables you to see at a glance how and where the new ideas were shared between artists, architects and designers. The app highlights the important meeting points – the exhibitions, schools and organisations – where the pioneers influenced each other.
From Weimar to Rotterdam, and from Tel Aviv to Chicago: the Bauhaus was always a global phenomenon which reverberated around the world. The anniversary programme 100 years of bauhaus accordingly pays tribute to this. Exhibitions, events and research projects being held throughout the world to mark the 100th anniversary of the Bauhaus highlight the global network of Bauhaus adherents. And in addition, they illustrate the complex interrelationships and local influences of the avant-garde movements of the 20th century. The exhibition 'netherlands ⇄ bauhaus - pioneers of a new world’ is part of this programme.
bauhaus on tour & events programme
Boijmans is going on tour in Rotterdam with a Bauhaus pop-up installation at fifteen locations, including the Central Station. The installation has been created by fourth-year students from the Interior Architecture & Furniture Design department at the Royal Academy of Art in The Hague. The museum has also teamed up with the Scapino Ballet, the Rotterdam Philharmonic Orchestra and other organisations to devise a Bauhaus-inspired events programme, including mini lectures in the gallery, Bauhaus music and theatre, performances and workshops.
The exhibition is accompanied by a major publication edited by Mienke Simon Thomas and Yvonne Brentjens. Twenty-one authors from Germany and the Netherlands explore various facets of the Netherlands ⇄ Bauhaus network from 1920 to 1970. The book is available in Dutch and English editions from the museum shop and online from 9 February for €34.95.