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Untitled (for Chiarina)

Untitled (for Chiarina)

Joseph Cornell (in circa 1958)

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  • antonella asked

    hello, I would like to ask a question concerning Joseph Cornell work Untitled (for Chiarina).
    In the caption the pipe is not mentioned: is it made of clay?
    I thank you very much for your answer

    Antonella Sbrilli

  • Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen answered

    Dear Antonella,
    The pipe in the Joseph Cornell work Untitled (for Chiarina) is made of plaster.
    Kind regards,
    Nina

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Joseph Cornell produced small, box-like objects throughout his life. He would fill these peep-show boxes with all sorts of objects he found in order to create remarkable scenes. This box is one of the Space Object Boxes that he made at the end of the 1950s and which contain references to the universe. The title, For Chiarina, refers to Clara Wieck, pianist, composer and wife of the German composer Robert Schumann. An illustration showing her portrait is on the back of the object. Cornell's work was often inspired by famous women.

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Collection book

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Specifications

Title Untitled (for Chiarina)
Material and technique Wood, plaster, paper, cork, glass and nails
Object type
Assemblage > Three-dimensional object > Art object
Location This object is in storage
Dimensions Height 20.3 cm
Width 36.2 cm
Depth 9.5 cm
Artists Kunstenaar: Joseph Cornell
Accession number BEK 1808 (MK)
Credits Aankoop met steun van / Purchase with support of: Mondriaan Fonds en / and BankGiro Loterij 2008
Department Modern Art
Acquisition date 2008
Age artist Unknown
Exhibitions De collectie als tijdmachine (2017)
External exhibitions Dal nulla al sogno (2018)
Research Digitising Contemporary Art
Material
Object

Author Saskia van Kampen-Prein

Before Joseph Cornell made his name as an artist, he worked as a salesman for a fabric wholesaler in Manhattan.[1] He used his breaks to wander through the city and collect all kinds of things. In his spare time he amassed a large collection of old photographs, celestial charts, feathers, cuttings, compasses, souvenirs and found objects. From the 1930s onwards he incorporated these objects and materials into three-dimensional objects and collages. In the autumn of 1931, after Cornell had seen Max Ernst’s collage book La femme 100 têtes (1929) in the recently opened Julien Levy Gallery in New York, he showed some of his own collages to the young gallery owner. Levy decided to include a number of these works in the trail-blazing group exhibition Surréalisme which he staged in his gallery in January 1932 and which introduced Surrealism to New York. One of Cornell’s fellow exhibitors was Marcel Duchamp, who would become a close friend. In 1942 Cornell would even help him to create various examples of his La boîte-en-valise.[2]

Cornell’s first object was made in 1932 and also featured in the group exhibition in the Julien Levy Gallery. The title was Glass Bell (1932) and it consisted of a glass dome over an assemblage of found objects. In the period that followed, Cornell covered dozens of boxes with printed paper and filled them with shells, beads and found objects. Because the Surrealists were also making objects at that time, Cornell was regarded by many as a Surrealist.[3] At the invitation of museum director Alfred H. Barr Jr, he showed various works at the legendary group exhibition Fantastic Art. Dada, Surrealism (1936-37) in the Museum of Modern Art in New York. One of them was Untitled (Soap Bubble Set) (1936), which he made especially for the occasion. It was the first in a series of ‘Shadow Boxes’, the type of object with which Cornell would primarily make his name. Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen managed to acquire one of these magnificent, hand-made peep-shows in wood and glass in 2008. The work – which Cornell dedicated to the composer and pianist Clara Wieck, whose picture is stuck on the back of the box – was bought from an American gallery which at the time was co-administering the artist’s estate.[4] The box in the museum’s collection has the universe as its theme. In the late 1950s the artist made various Shadow Boxes about the cosmos which he described as ‘Space Object Boxes’. At both ends of the box – which contains a plaster pipe, the base of a wine glass and two thin metal rods with a ball balancing on them – there are the names of the constellations and an astrological chart.

Untitled (for Chiarina) forms a link between the separate collections such as Dada, Pop Art and nouveau réalisme in the museum’s collection. The similarities between Cornell’s Untitled (for Chiarina) and Duchamp’s La boîte-en-valise or the filled archive box Le bleu de la licorne (1973) by the French nouveau réaliste Martial Raysse are obvious.

 

Footnotes

[1] Cornell called himself a ‘maker of things’. See London/Vienna 2015-16, p. 20.

[2] Ibid., p. 123.

[3] Cornell himself did not agree with this opinion. Ibid., p. 22.

[4] By now the estate has been disconnected from this gallery.

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All about the artist

Joseph Cornell

Nyck, NY 1903 - New York 1972

Joseph Cornell did not follow any artistic training. He became best known for his 'peep shows', which he produced throughout his life. Cornell is a pioneer of...

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